Substance Abuse Resource Assistance Coalition (SARAC)
What is SARAC?
AFMC, with funding from the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), recruits and leads a consortium of organizations that are serving people in Hempstead, Howard, Pike, Polk, and Sevier counties. Called the “Substance Abuse Resource Assistance Coalition” (SARAC), the coalition coordinates services for young victims of opioid and substance misuse crime, and help families find resources and services.
Children and youth who are neglected by addicted parents or victimized in their communities are the most vulnerable population impacted by the opioid crisis. Children are caught in the middle without the health care and social service resources they need to build resilience against these upheavals. If you want to find out more or get involved, please submit the contact us form below.
What Does SARAC Do?
SARAC works with the community to strengthen and promote healthy families. SARAC provides families with comprehensive family-centered services for both the child welfare and substance abuse treatment systems in efforts to foster resilience. AFMC manages the SARAC resource center that responds to referrals initiated by community partners such as health care providers, law enforcement agencies, courts and schools. The SARAC resource center also accepts self-referrals which allows families to contact the center for resource assistance without a partner referral.
When children are identified by a care-delivery partner, the partner will submit a referral to the SARAC resource center. SARAC staff will conduct an assessment to identify family needs and local resources. An individualized service coordination plan will be developed to ensure continued access to needed services to maximize healing, recovery, and resilience for these children and their families. Resource center staff will assist families of youth ages 0 to 18 years by:
- Identifying and coordinating resources
- Finding medical providers
- Employment assistance; and
- Applying for health insurance, nutrition programs and utility assistance.
What Are Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)?
Childhood experiences, positive and negative, have a huge impact on child, family, and community development. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are traumatic events that happen during an individual’s upbringing. More than 15% of adults in Hempstead and Howard and 17% of adults in Pike and Polk counties have experienced four or more ACEs.
SARAC raises community awareness about ACEs and building resilience, specifically among medical and behavioral health providers. AFMC-certified trainers work with SARAC’s frontline partners to provide trauma-informed care training and screening tools. A trauma-informed approach provides a framework that involves understanding, recognizing, and responding to trauma’s effect and building a sense of control and empowerment. Also, SARAC offers comprehensive assistance to parents to address behaviors that predispose them to child maltreatment. While individual resilience is important, a community-wide focus on resilience and trauma-informed care will lead to healing.
To learn more about ACEs, please visit https://afmc.org/aces/
Why Hempstead, Howard, Pike, Polk, and Sevier counties?
Residents of Hempstead, Howard, Pike, Polk, and Sevier counties live in a medically underserved area. Coupled with a scarcity of medical and social services, they also face a higher-than-average opioid prescription-drug rate and high levels of illicit drug misuse. The stigma about mental health treatment makes opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment and recovery particularly challenging.
|KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF TARGET COUNTIES
|% of Adults who experienced four or more ACEs (BRFSS, 2018)||19.3||15.9||17.6||17.2||11.9||19.1|
|Foster Care Rate per 1,000 Children (DHS, 2019)||6.7||4.3||5.2||10.1||6.0||7.6|
|Child Maltreatment Rate per 1,000 Children (DHS, 2019)||5.2||3.5||12.5||14.3||10.9||11.0|
As shown below, the prescription rates per 100 persons for each county are – Hempstead 72.2, Howard 99.6, Pike 118.9, Polk 96.9, and Sevier 64.8. Pike County ranks 9th highest opioid prescription rate in the state, while Howard ranks 34th, Polk 41st, Hempstead 68th, and Sevier 71st. In 2019, Arkansas rates were so severe that it was placed 2nd for highest opioid prescription rates at 80.9. National data has not been released for 2020, but we do know Arkansas was at 86.3.
2020 Opioid Prescription Rate per 100 persons – Arkansas State Rate: 86.3
For all Arkansas students the average response to the question “on how many occasions have you used prescription drugs not prescribed to you” was 4.1 average occasions for lifetime use and 2.2 average occasions for use in the past 30 days.
Both Hempstead and Howard counties had higher average responses than the state average responses for prescription drug misuse for lifetime use and use in the past 30 days, while Polk County had lower average responses.
Hempstead County students’ average response for prescription drug misuse was 4.6 average occasions for lifetime use and 3.6 average occasions in the past 30 days.
Howard County responses for prescription drug misuse averaged 4.6 occasions for lifetime use and 4.6 occasions for use in the past 30 days.
Polk County students’ average response for prescription drug misuse was 3.0 and 1.1 occasions for use in the past 30 days.
*No data available for Pike or Sevier counties.
Average response to “on how many occasions have you used prescription drugs not prescribed to you …” in 2020–2021
Dr. Michelle Boone DNP, APRN
Compassion Health & Wellness Clinic, PLLC
This website was produced by AFMC under 2019-V3-GX-0041, awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this document are those of the contributors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice. Revised March 2021.